Australians Among First In The World To Receive Covid-19 Vaccine

More than 95 per cent of the vaccine doses are expected to be manufactured in Australia, with each batch taking approximately one month to manufacture.

"Australians will gain free access to a COVID-19 vaccine in 2021 if trials prove successful", the Prime Minister said in a statement released earlier today. Should both vaccines pass clinical trials, Australia will spend A$1.7 billion ($1.24 billion) for a total of almost 85 million doses, Morrison said.

The agreements are for 33.8 million does of the Oxford vaccine and 51 million doses of the University of Queensland vaccine, which has been developed with $5 million of Federal Government support.

"For the time being, the further recruitment of the candidates for the trials for the Oxford vaccine is on hold because we are waiting for the approval for safety of the first 100 participants recruited till now from the Data Safety and Monitoring Board".

The success of either vaccine still has to be demonstrated, but trials are encouraging.

He said CSL had been working at pace to respond to the pandemic and had invested significant resources in the rapid development and large-scale manufacture of the UQ vaccine, dubbed S-clamp.

As noted at the start, both Covid-19 vaccine manufacturing agreements are contingent upon the successful completion of clinical trials.

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Johnson & Johnson will seek 20,000 volunteers for late-stage human trials of its experimental coronavirus vaccine in hard-hit Latin America, one-third of the planned global total, one of its public health chiefs in the region said. Any vaccine would be free to all Australians.

Each person would have a dose of one vaccine followed by a second dose of the same one within a few weeks.

If all goes well, there would be access to 3.8 million doses of the University of Oxford vaccine in January and February.

"I think this is a potential risk and that's why we are going to a number of centers that is higher than the other companies to cover geographies that are not covered by the other studies", he said. Supply could begin around the middle of next year, the company said.

Morrison, who has previously expressed optimism that a vaccine could be available early 2021, in August said that a vaccine would be made "as mandatory as you can possibly make it" but later walked back from that suggestion.

"By securing the production and supply agreements, Australians will be among the first in the world to receive a safe and effective vaccine, should it pass late-stage testing".

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